Blackheads are among the toughest imperfections. They are the subject of countless articles, paper and online, where miracle remedies and house solutions are competing for readers. These articles are unfortunately often wrong and it becomes difficult to find a treatment that works. We know how blackheads can be disturbing, so we offer you a short guide, to get through it once and for all!
Why do blackheads appear?
To make it simple, it happens that the sebaceous glands produce a surplus of sebum and that cells of the skin block its normal evacuation through the pores. The oil is trapped in it and when it mixes with the dead skin cells, you end up with clogged pores. This wonderful mixture takes on the color black when it is oxidized, in contact with the air. Awesome !
Not to do!
It can happen (it is even quite common) that some products aggravate or even cause your problem of blackheads. So the first step would be to stop, or at least significantly reduce their use.
Among these products to be avoided are:
- Bar soaps: since the ingredients that allow the soap to remain in a solid form can clog the pores.
- Very emollient products: the more emollient a product is, the more likely it is to clog your pores. For those who have mixed skin, it is best to only use light products on your area most problematic, often the "T-zone."
- Mechanical exfoliants: contrary to what popular belief suggests, this type of exfoliants does not have the ability to decongest pores. "Scrubs" and brushes are often too hard for the skin and may irritate and dry it, which will produce more oil and dead skin.
- Adhesive tapes: they only remove the surface part of the black spots. The latter will return only faster.
It is also important to avoid certain ingredients: alcohol, peppermint, menthol, eucalyptus, lime, lemon, etc. They can also dry out and irritate the skin.
What to use to overcome these demons?
The sweetness is to be preferred, always! As Isabelle Bellis put it so well: "Think that your skin is a silk fabric and that you should take the most delicate attention!"
First, opt for a mild soap and water soluble to use morning and evening.
For people who wear makeup, never go to bed unmasked ... really.
exfoliate the affected area once or twice a day with a BHA exfoliator. The liquid form is lighter and will work best to solve the problem.
It may also be appropriate to use a niacinamide serum. This ingredient has the ability to tighten the pores ... convenient to reduce their appearance, once these have been scrubbed.
The application of a clay mask, once or twice a week, to control excess oil is also relevant.
Of course, blackheads will not go away overnight, but with a little patience and the right tools in hand, you will manage to overcome them.
Zander E, Weisman S. Treatment of acne vulgaris with salicylic acid pads. Clin Ther. 1992, 14: 247-53
Shalita AR. Comparison of a salicylic acid cleanser and a benzoyl peroxide wash in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Clin Ther. 1989; 11: 264-7.
Macgill Markus, Blackheads: Facts, Causes and Treatments (2016) Spotted at: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/71615.php?page=3