Blackheads are some of the toughest imperfections. They are the subject of countless articles, paper and online, where miracle cures and homemade solutions compete for readers. Unfortunately, these articles are often wrong and it becomes difficult to find a treatment that works. We know how badly blackheads can be, so we offer you a little guide to get you started once and for all!
Why do black spots appear?
Simply put, it happens that the sebaceous glands produce a surplus of sebum and skin cells block its normal evacuation via the pores. The oil is trapped there and when it mixes with the dead skin cells, we end up with clogged pores. This wonderful mixture takes the black color when it oxidizes, in contact with the air. Awesome !
Not to do!
It can happen (it's even quite common) that some products aggravate or even cause your blackhead problem. So the first step would be to stop, or at least significantly reduce their use.
Among these products to proscribe, we find:
- Bar Soaps: Since ingredients that allow soap to stay in solid form can clog pores.
- Highly emollient products: the more emollient a product is, the more likely it is to clog your pores. For those with mixed skin, it is better to only use light products on your area more problem, often the "T zone".
- Mechanical exfoliants : contrary to popular belief, this type of exfoliant does not have the ability to unclog pores. Scrubs and brushes are often too hard for the skin to irritate and dry, resulting in more oil and dead skin.
- Adhesive tapes: they only remove the superficial part of the black spots. They will come back sooner.
It is also important to avoid certain ingredients: alcohol, peppermint, menthol, eucalyptus, lime, lemon, etc. These may also dry out and irritate the skin.
What to use to overcome these demons?
Sweetness is to be preferred, always! As Isabelle Bellis says so well: "Think that your skin is a silk fabric and that you must wear the most delicate attention!"
First, opt for a mild and water-soluble soap to use morning and night.
For people who wear makeup, never go to bed without makeup ... really.
exfoliate the area reached once or twice a day with a BHA exfoliant. The liquid form is lighter and will be better for solving the problem.
It may also be appropriate to use a niacinamide serum. This ingredient has the ability to tighten the pores ... convenient to reduce their appearance, once these have been scrubbed.
The application of a clay mask, once or twice a week, to control excess oil is also relevant.
Of course, the black dots will not go away overnight, but with a little patience and the right tools in your hands, you will manage to overcome them.
Zander E, Weisman S. Treatment of acne vulgaris with salicylic acid pads. Clin Ther. 1992, 14: 247-53
Shalita AR. Comparison of a salicylic acid cleanser and a benzoyl peroxide wash in the treatment of acne vulgaris. Clin Ther. 1989; 11: 264-7.
Macgill Markus, Blackheads: Causes, Facts and Treatments (2016) Spotted at: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/71615.php?page=3