Have you ever been asked the question "What is your skin type?" By browsing a cosmetics department? If it never happened to you, you see me very surprised! Generally speaking, this is the first thing I ask myself, and I still have a lot of difficulty answering because I find the skin type very difficult to identify.
The cosmetics industry has invented and listed its products in four main
categories that are sometimes subdivided. It is important to know that there are no regulations at this time, with respect to skin type claims. In other words, companies determine what type of skin (which they have also defined according to their desires) a product is appropriate, conducting in-house tests and discussing with the marketing department. There is also no consensus among health care professionals, aestheticians and cosmetics brands, which makes it even more complicated, although necessary to make informed choices.
However, it will be said that the four usual categories are a good start, although they do not allow to address the small nuances as well as the many more important problems such as rosacea, eczema, acne, etc. . This is why it is interesting to know its "basic skin type", but to choose our cosmetics according to the current needs of our skin. The table below gives you an overview of these basic categories as well as the characteristics associated with them.
An important point to note is that the industry has become accustomed to classifying sensitive skins as a separate category. All products in the latter would be expected to be free of irritant and sensitizing ingredients (alcohol, perfume, essential oils, etc.). However, by reading the ingredient list, it is not uncommon to observe the opposite. Beware of this category. In any case, all skin types benefit from being treated with the same concern sensitive skin, that is to say, as delicately as possible.
Although you may have already noticed it, for the majority of us, the skin varies in appearance with age, seasons, stress, types of products used, diet, medication, etc. It goes without saying that the type of skin is therefore not static and that according to the different periods of your life, it varies ... and it can vary often, in close proximity. It is therefore necessary to stay alert to changes in your skin and correct its routine of care according to these.
When can we really say that a skin is "normal"? This is a great question, and the answer is very personal. My normal is not necessarily yours. It's all about definition. If you relied only on what the cosmetics industry vehicle, having some wrinkles when getting older or having one or two occasional pimples would not be normal. This, of course, is not the case. We must remain cautious in ourlooking for normal skinsince this can be endless and very costly. Staying critical and above all realistic is probably our best weapon when it comes to determining what our skin needs, no matter what our definition, the normal word.
In short, skin typeis an important step, although it is not simple! Stay tuned for part two of this article that will give you some tricks to properly identify your skin type as well as its different needs.
Begoun, P. The original beauty bible. 3rd edition.